Enterprise application architecture typically evolves from Cloud 1.0 to Cloud 2.0 to Cloud 3.0.
Trend 1: Enterprise cloudification grows from non-key applications to key applications and to innovative applications.
In the Cloud 1.0 phase, virtualization technology plays the key role. Enterprises pay attention to optimizing resources and migrating non-key applications, such as office applications, to the cloud. In this phase, virtualization architecture is the best choice.
In the Cloud 2.0 phase, cloud management platform technology takes on the key role. Enterprises focus on how to efficiently and reliably support latency-sensitive services and migrate key applications, such as SAP and Oracle databases, to the cloud. During this phase, the bare metal service is one of the critical capabilities of the cloud platform.
Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) platform technologies characterize Cloud 3.0. In this phase, enterprises pay attention to innovative applications, such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data, and video services designed for microservice and CloudNative architecture and their direct deployment on the cloud. Lightweight, distributed, and agile are the core requirements for the cloud architecture in this phase.
In the SPEC VIRT® SPECvirt_sc2013 virtualization function test, the Huawei FusionSphere cloud platform ranks first. FusionSphere supports the central management and service provisioning of bare metal servers and lightweight application deployment using Docker, implementing comprehensive and smooth cloudification from enterprise non-key applications to key applications to innovative applications.
Trend 2: IT infrastructure moves from self-built data centers to public and hybrid cloud modes.
The IT architecture of cloud computing-based data centers will trend from separation towards convergence in the next decade.
Most large enterprises (5000 persons) have multiple data centers, and their services are in the process of being migrated from virtualization to private cloud. They tend to deploy most of their services on the private clouds and external services on the public clouds. In the next 10 years, the hybrid clouds will become their main choice.
Most businesses in the 500- to 5000-person range have self-built data centers, and most of their business services are in the process of being migrated from virtualization to private clouds. They tend to deploy some of their services on the public clouds. In the coming decade, some of these enterprises will use private cloud, public cloud, and hybrid cloud modes.
Commercial enterprises (500 persons) seldom have self-built data centers. Most small- and medium-sized enterprises deploy their services on the public cloud and are more likely to continue to use the public cloud in the future as their main service mode.
Huawei FusionCloud Cloud Computing Solution employs one architecture, one set of APIs, and one cloud ecosystem, incorporating the private cloud, public cloud, and hybrid cloud.
Trend 3: Cloud technologies are evolving from closed-off to open-source.
Closed-off technologies are becoming obsolete, but openness and sharing bring new development. In the earlier stage of cloud development, closed-off software such as VMware vSphere and Microsoft Hyper-V became the mainstream choice of the industry. Currently, open-source technologies are shaping the development landscape. Free, open-source virtualization hypervisors like Xen and KVM and the growth of open-source software such as OpenStack and CloudStack cloud operating systems are helping open-source software to develop rapidly. OpenStack has become the practice standard for cloud architecture in the Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) layer.
Huawei FusionSphere is a commercial release based on OpenStack and open-source Xen or KVM virtual engine. As a cloud system for enterprise customers, FusionSphere has improved its reliability and security.
Huawei Cloud Solutions
To help cloud computing become widely used as soon as possible, Huawei has assigned 10,000 engineers in the IT sector and 6000 engineers in the cloud computing sector to R&D. Huawei has built delivery centers in Shenzhen, Xi’an, Beijing, Hangzhou, and Chengdu in China, strengthening the capabilities, innovation, and core competitiveness of cloud computing.
In addition, Huawei will continue to participate in OpenStack development efforts to help build an open cloud computing ecosystem. Over 600 Huawei developers are working to develop OpenStack cloud computing solutions. Huawei is a global-leading cloud computing solution provider and an OpenStack Gold Member and Gold Director for 2016.
Huawei enterprise business solutions have two cores: concentration and integration. Within this framework, Huawei’s IT product line focuses on three hardware platforms (servers, storage devices, and data center networks), three software platforms (FusionSphere Cloud OS, FusionInsight Big Data platform, and FusionStage PaaS platform), and one cloud-based data center solution.
Huawei now has over 500 enterprise partners in cloud computing and more than 10,000 partners in public cloud applications, development, and services. Huawei, together with its partners, provides services for more than 2500 customers in 108 countries and areas. Its customers span industries such as government and public utilities, telecommunications, energy, and finance.
Huawei has deployed more than 660 data centers in the world, including 255 cloud data centers. Of these, 160 are deployed in China and more than 50 are cloud data centers.
Forrester recommends Huawei to the European public cloud market. In a recent report, Forrester emphasized the leading role Huawei has played in China’s public cloud market and introduced Huawei’s FusionCloud Solution. Their research also analyzed Huawei’s cooperation with Deutsche Telekom and Telefonica in public cloud and concluded that Huawei is reliable in technology, competitive in cost, and is an IaaS provider worth recommending to Chief Information Officers (CIOs).
In Gartner’s report IT Market Clock for Server Virtualization and Operating Environments, 2015, Huawei FusionSphere was named as a “Challenger” for its excellent product capabilities and improvements in product maturity and market performance.
In addition, Huawei is a leader in the private cloud market, which enterprises are keenly watching as their demands become more urgent. In February this year, Huawei was positioned as “Strong Performers” for the first time in Forrester’s report The Forrester Wave™: Private Cloud Software Suites, Q1 2016. Huawei is also the only Chinese vendor who was mentioned in The Forrester Wave, their private cloud software suites report.